Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 12 in A major, K. 414 (385p) was written in the autumn of 1782 in Vienna. It is scored for solo piano, two oboes, two bassoons (optional), two horns, and strings (consisting of violins, violas, cellos, and double basses). Like all three of the early Vienna concertos that Mozart wrote, it is a modest work that can be performed with only string quartet and piano (i.e., “a quattro”).
Despite the modest nature and scoring of this concerto, it stands out in Mozart’s early production. Although the three early Viennese concertos (Nos 11, 12 and 13) represent in some senses a formal regression compared to their immediate predecessors, especially No. 9, the “Jeunehomme” concerto, this concerto is a forerunner of the mature works in terms of its musical effect.
It is in three movements:
1.Allegro in A major
2.Andante in D major
3.Allegretto in A major